This article is literature pdf the art of written work.
For literature in the field technical publications, see Academic publishing. Literature, most generically, is any body of written works. More restrictively, literature refers to writing considered to be an art form or any single writing deemed to have artistic or intellectual value, often due to deploying language in ways that differ from ordinary usage. Literature is classified according to whether it is fiction or non-fiction, and whether it is poetry or prose. Definitions of literature have varied over time: it is a «culturally relative definition». In Western Europe prior to the 18th century, literature denoted all books and writing.
Literary genre is a mode of categorizing literature. A French term for «a literary type or class». However, such classes are subject to change, and have been used in different ways in different periods and traditions. Inscribed hieroglyphics cover an obelisk in foreground. A stone statue is in background.
The history of literature follows closely the development of civilization. This section possibly contains original research. Different historical periods are reflected in literature. National and tribal sagas, accounts of the origin of the world and of customs, and myths which sometimes carry moral or spiritual messages predominate in the pre-urban eras. Literature in all its forms can literature pdf seen as written records, whether the literature itself be factual or fictional, it is still quite possible to decipher facts through things like characters’ actions and words or the authors’ style of writing and the intent behind the words.
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Literature helps us understand references made in more modern literature because authors often reference mythology and other old religious texts to describe ancient civilizations such as the Hellenes and the Egyptians. In ancient China, early literature was primarily focused on philosophy, historiography, military science, agriculture, and poetry. In ancient India, literature originated from stories that were originally orally transmitted. Early genres included drama, fables, sutras and epic poetry. Roman histories and biographies anticipated the extensive mediaeval literature of lives of saints and miraculous chronicles, but the most characteristic form of the Middle Ages was the romance, an adventurous and sometimes magical narrative with strong popular appeal. In the Age of Reason philosophical tracts and speculations on history and human nature integrated literature with social and political developments.
Genre fiction also showed it could question reality in its 20th century forms, in spite of its fixed formulas, through the enquiries of the skeptical detective and the alternative realities of science fiction. Theorists suggest that literature allows readers to access intimate emotional aspects of a person’s character that would not be obvious otherwise. That literature aids the psychological development and understanding of the reader, allowing someone to access emotional states from which they had distanced themselves. Hogan also explains that the time and emotion which a person devotes to understanding a character’s situation makes literature «ecological valid in the study of emotion». That is literature unites a large community by provoking universal emotions, as well s allowing readers to access cultural aspects that they have not been exposed to, and that produce new emotional experiences.
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