After graduating from a community college, some students transfer creative writing major colleges a university or liberal arts college for two to three years to complete a bachelor’s degree, while others enter the workforce.
1 million students enrolled full-time, and about 4. As a result, community colleges raised student tuition. Community colleges received attention in 2015 after President Barack Obama proposed to make community college tuition free to many residents of the United States in his State of the Union Address. 1901, was the first community college in the United States. Before the 1970s, community colleges were more commonly referred to as junior colleges, and that term is still used at some institutions and for athletics, specifically the NJCAA. However, the term «junior college» is now usually used to characterize private two-year institutions.
A gymnasium at Union County College in Cranford, New Jersey. Hudson County Community College in Union City, NJ. Other common components of the school name include vocational, technical, adult education and technical institute. Nicknames include «democracy’s college» and «opportunity college.
In several Californian cities as well as in other large cities such as Chicago, with its City Colleges of Chicago, community colleges are often called «city colleges», since they were municipally funded and designed creative writing major colleges serve the needs of the residents of the city in which they are situated. New York City’s network of community colleges was established outside of the CUNY system, and only integrated into that system at the insistence of the state government. Another example is Westchester Community College. In the late 1940s, the county operated a popular vocational institute. The New York state government required that the county transform its technical institute into a community college. As a general rule, broad generalizations about the origins, purposes, and funding of public two-year colleges varies widely among the states and, as in the case of California, within states.
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Before 1850, a few public institutions offered two years of college: Lasell Junior College in Auburndale, Massachusetts, and Vincennes University of Vincennes, Indiana. The Vincennes University occupies a unique position in the educational field. Many of the early community colleges were normal schools that prepared school teachers. Primary emphasis was placed on traditional middle class values and developing responsible citizens. As an example, Normal Schools began in the State of Massachusetts in the 1880s as extensions of local high schools.
They were originated to meet the need for teacher preparation. Baltimore’s Manual Training High School opened in 1884, was the first separate secondary school for education that was specifically work orientated. The Maryland institution was unique as a stand-alone campus. Other examples of sub-baccalaureate programs were the University Preparatory School and Junior College of Tonkawa.
The two-year college has been a distinctively American creation, and nowhere else has it attained such prominence. In the larger cities early public community colleges were often an extension of high schools, like the first established, Joliet Junior College, in Illinois in 1901. Junior colleges grew from 20 in number In 1909, to 170 in 1919. By 1922, 37 states had set up 70 junior colleges, enrolling about 150 students each.
Meanwhile, another 137 were privately operated, with about 60 students each. Rapid expansion continued in the 1920s, with 440 junior colleges in 1930 enrolling about 70,000 students. Many factors contributed to rapid growth of community colleges. Students parents and businessmen wanted nearby, low-cost schools to provide training for the growing white collar labor force, as well as for more advanced technical jobs in the blue collar sphere. Several different movements supported the creation of community colleges, including local community support of public and private two-year institutions, the expansion of the public education system, increased professional standards for teachers, the vocational education movement, and an expanding demand for adult and community education.
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