Jump contents of literature review navigation Jump to search For Wikipedia’s Peer Review area, see Wikipedia:Peer review.
It is not to be confused with The Independent Review. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. A reviewer at the American National Institutes of Health evaluates a grant proposal. It functions as a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a profession within the relevant field.
Professional peer review focuses on the performance of professionals, with a view to improving quality, upholding standards, or providing certification. In academia, peer review is used to inform in decisions related to faculty advancement and tenure. He stated that a visiting physician had to make duplicate notes of a patient’s condition on every visit. Professional peer review is common in the field of health care, where it is usually called clinical peer review. Further, since peer review activity is commonly segmented by clinical discipline, there is also physician peer review, nursing peer review, dentistry peer review, etc.
Peer review is used in education to achieve certain learning objectives, particularly as a tool to reach higher order processes in the affective and cognitive domains as defined by Bloom’s taxonomy. This may take a variety of forms, including closely mimicking the scholarly peer review processes used in science and medicine. The European Union has been using peer review in the «Open Method of Co-ordination» of policies in the fields of active labour market policy since 1999. The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, through UNECE Environmental Performance Reviews, uses peer review, referred to as «peer learning», to evaluate progress made by its member countries in improving their environmental policies. The State of California is the only U. Chapter 295, statutes of 1997, which mandates that, before any CalEPA Board, Department, or Office adopts a final version of a rule-making, the scientific findings, conclusions, and assumptions on which the proposed rule are based must be submitted for independent external scientific peer review.
To an outsider, the anonymous, pre-publication peer review process is opaque. Certain journals are accused of not carrying out stringent peer review in order to more easily expand their customer base, particularly in journals where authors pay a fee before publication. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Henry Oldenburg: shaping the Royal Society.
The history of the peer-review process». Clinical peer review: burnishing a tarnished image». Dental Examinations for Quality Control: Peer Review versus Self-Assessment». Documenting the scholarship of contents of literature review teaching through peer review».
Review of literature in research methodology
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Haynes RB, Cotoi C, Holland J, et al. Second-order peer review of the medical literature for clinical practitioners». Crisis or Time for Course Correction? The peer review drugs don’t work». Peer review ‘works against’ early career researchers».
Jump to navigation Jump to search «Review journal» redirects here. For daily newspaper, see Las Vegas Review-Journal. Not to be confused with articles that are reviews in the more general sense, for which see Review. A review article is an article that summarizes the current state of understanding on a topic. A review article surveys and summarizes previously published studies, rather than reporting new facts or analysis.
Review articles in academic journals analyze or discuss research previously published by others, rather than reporting new experimental results. The concept of «review article» is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review article itself to be peer-reviewed or non-peer-reviewed. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Have I Found A Scholarly Article? Archived from the original on 2013-01-28. Archived from the original on 2013-05-22.
Engaging Medical Librarians to Improve the Quality of Review Articles». The Regents of the University of California. The Roles of Reviews in Information Transfer. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 175-180. This literature-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
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