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Argument Research Paper

Note the sequence of arguments and the pattern argument Research Paper thoughts in the article.

Regardless of age, gender or race, each individual is entitled to his or her self-preservation. While we have the innate duty to maintain our personal welfare, it is morally sound to say that we also have a responsibility to avoid inflicting harm towards other people, whether we personally know them or we are total strangers to them and vice versa. In the medical field, doctors are presumed to cure their patients and provide them with utmost care for their health. Family members or relatives of patients are likewise expected to see to it that their loved-ones in hospitals are given the proper medical attention.

All of these things point to the undeniable fact that we bring our ailing friends or family members to hospitals so that they will be cured and be brought back to their normal lives. In extreme life-or-death cases, our impulse to keep our loved ones alive is stronger more than ever. Patients with terminal cases or those who have very little chance of survival are expected to receive the best medical treatment in order to address the risks involved. These patients, too, are human beings just like any one of us, except that they are suffering from tormenting ailments. Any way you look at it, euthanasia involves taking away the life of a person.

When a patient is induced with euthanasia, the primary intent is to kill the patient. Some say that the reason why some patients are induced with euthanasia is to relieve them of their pain. Apparently, it is a fact that dead people can feel no pain because, of course, they are already dead. If you really intend to preserve the life of a person, not the least someone who is close to you, you find ways to extend his or her life no matter how short that extension may be. Killing that person for the sake of saving on medical payments or of cutting short his or her physical suffering does not justify euthanasia.

It only adds to the fact that killing is wrong any way you look at it. It is for these reasons that euthanasia is morally wrong. You may want to read other Rogerian Argument topics. Glad you helped me with my essay.

I learned a lot from reading it. You guys deliver right on time. I couldn’t have done the essay myself. If all parties agree on the reliability of an authority in the given context it forms a valid argument Research Paper argument.

Argumentative Research Papers

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Scientific knowledge is best established by evidence and experiment rather than argued through authority as authority has no place in science. One of the great commandments of science is, «Mistrust arguments from authority. Too many such arguments have proved too painfully wrong. Authorities must prove their contentions like everybody else. This seemingly established number created confirmation bias among researchers, and «most cytologists, expecting to detect Painter’s number, virtually always did so».

A more recent example involved the «When contact changes minds: An experiment on transmission of support for gay equality» paper. The paper was a fraud based on forged data, yet concerns about it were ignored in many cases due to appeals to authority. Much like the erroneous chromosome number taking decades to refute until microscopy made the error unmistakable, the one who would go on to debunk this paper «was consistently told by friends and advisers to keep quiet about his concerns lest he earn a reputation as a troublemaker», up until «the very last moment when multiple ‘smoking guns’ finally appeared», and he found that «There was almost no encouragement for him to probe the hints of weirdness he’d uncovered». Fallacious arguments from authority are also frequently the result of citing a non-authority as an authority. It is also a fallacious ad hominem argument to argue that a person presenting statements lacks authority and thus their arguments do not need to be considered. As appeals to a perceived lack of authority, these types of argument are fallacious for much the same reasons as an appeal to authority. Other related fallacious arguments assume that a person without status or authority is inherently reliable.

For instance, the appeal to poverty is the fallacy of thinking that someone is more likely to be correct because they are poor. The argument from authority is based on the idea that a perceived authority must know better and that the person should conform to their opinion. This has its roots in psychological cognitive biases such as the Asch effect. Further, humans have been shown to feel strong emotional pressure to conform to authorities and majority positions. Another study shining light on the psychological basis of the fallacy as it relates to perceived authorities are the Milgram experiments, which demonstrated that people are more likely to go along with something when it is presented by an authority. Scholars have noted that certain environments can produce an ideal situation for these processes to take hold, giving rise to groupthink.

In groupthink, individuals in a group feel inclined to minimize conflict and encourage conformity. Corporate environments are similarly vulnerable to appeals to perceived authorities and experts leading to groupthink, as are governments and militaries. Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse: Extending the Pragma-dialectical Theory of Argumentation. Promoting Discourse and Argumentation in Science Teacher Education». Logic and the Common law Trial». American Journal of Trial Advocacy: 166.

Whitehead: In your book, you assert or posit that you believe students are the future of our constitutional democracy.
In , an initial oral examination in the field of specialization may take place just before the student settles down to work on doctoral programs without dissertation dissertation.

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