I seem to have been only like a boy playing A biography and life work of sir isaac newton an english physicist the seashore, and diverting myself now and then in finding a smoother pebble or prettier shell than ordinary, while the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me.
Plato is my friend, Aristotle is my friend, but my greatest friend is truth. If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants. It is the perfection of God’s works that they are all done with the greatest simplicity. Every body continues in its state of rest, or of uniform motion in a right line, unless it is compelled to change that state by forces impressed upon it. To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction: or, the mutual actions of two bodies upon each other are always equal, and directed to contrary parts. I see I have made myself a slave to philosophy.
The changing of bodies into light, and light into bodies, is very conformable to the course of nature, which seems delighted with transmutations. To explain all nature is too difficult a task for any one man or even for any one age. Tis much better to do a little with certainty and leave the rest for others that come after, then to explain all things by conjecture without making sure of any thing. Truth is ever to be found in simplicity, and not in the multiplicity and confusion of things. Atheism is so senseless and odious to mankind that it never had many professors.
Newton was not the first of the age of reason. He was the last of the magicians, the last of the Babylonians and Sumerians, the last great mind that looked out on the visible and intellectual world with the same eyes as those who began to build our intellectual inheritance rather less than 10,000 years ago. English physicist and mathematician Sir Isaac Newton, most famous for his law of gravitation, was instrumental in the scientific revolution of the 17th century. In 1705, he was knighted by Queen Anne of England, making him Sir Isaac Newton. Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643, in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England. Using the «old» Julien calendar, Newton’s birth date is sometimes displayed as December 25, 1642. Newton theorized that white light was a composite of all colors of the spectrum, and that light was composed of particles.
His momentous book on physics, Principia, contains information on nearly all of the essential concepts of physics except energy, ultimately helping him to explain the laws of motion and the theory of gravity. Along with mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, Newton is credited for developing essential theories of calculus. As a professor at Cambridge, Newton was required to deliver an annual course of lectures and chose optics as his initial topic. He used his telescope to study optics and help prove his theory of light and color. The Royal Society asked for a demonstration of his reflecting telescope in 1671, and the organization’s interest encouraged Newton to publish his notes on light, optics and color in 1672. These notes were later published as part of Newton’s Opticks: Or, A treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections and Colours of Light. The Apple Myth Between 1665 and 1667, Newton returned home from Trinity College to pursue his private study, as school was closed due to the Great Plague.
Legend has it that, at this time, Newton isaac his famous inspiration of gravity with the falling apple. According to this common myth, Newton was sitting under an physicist tree when a fruit fell and hit him on the head, inspiring biography to life come up with the theory of and. While there english no evidence that the apple actually a Newton newton the head, he did see an apple fall from a tree, leading him sir wonder an it fell straight of work not at an angle.
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Consequently, he began exploring the theories of motion and gravity. It was during this 18-month hiatus as a student that Newton conceived many of his most important insights—including the method of infinitesimal calculus, the foundations for his theory of light and color, and the laws of planetary motion—that eventually led to the publication of his physics book Principia and his theory of gravity. It is said to be the single most influential book on physics and possibly all of science. Its publication immediately raised Newton to international prominence.
A stationary body will stay stationary unless an external force is applied to it. For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. Newton’s law of universal gravitation states that two objects attract each other with a force of gravitational attraction that’s proportional to their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers. They also allowed him to calculate the mass of each planet, calculate the flattening of the Earth at the poles and the bulge at the equator, and how the gravitational pull of the sun and moon create the Earth’s tides. In Newton’s account, gravity kept the universe balanced, made it work, and brought heaven and Earth together in one great equation.
A premature baby born tiny and weak, Newton was not expected to survive. When he was 3 years old, his mother, Hannah Ayscough Newton, remarried a well-to-do minister, Barnabas Smith, and went to live with him, leaving young Newton with his maternal grandmother. The experience left an indelible imprint on Newton, later manifesting itself as an acute sense of insecurity. He anxiously obsessed over his published work, defending its merits with irrational behavior.
At age 12, Newton was reunited with his mother after her second husband died. She brought along her three small children from her second marriage. His mother pulled him out of school at age 12. Her plan was to make him a farmer and have him tend the farm.
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